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Useful Bulk Carriers Tips
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Seagoing Bulk Carriers: Use and General Use

The operation of seagoing bulk carrier vessels was rife with risks. You must plan your trip well and take care when dealing with all shipboard issues. This website is intended to serve as a reference for international shipping communities. It offers information and guidance on loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the limitations established by the classification society. It is important not to stress the structural integrity of the ship and follow all safety procedures for safe sailing at sea. There are a wealth of information about bulk carrier topics on our pages of detail, both for those working at sea and those who work ashore.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are vessels with a single deck that are fitted with top-side tanks as well as side tanks. They are designed for single-commodity bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo is any substance, other than gas or liquid comprised of particles, granules or any other large piece of material, generally homogenous in composition. It is directly loaded into the cargo areas of ships without any immediate form of containment. Example of such dry cargo include grains, sugar and ores in bulk. Bulk carriers are ship that is used primarily for transporting large or liquid cargo. This could also encompass tankers. The term"bulk carrier" is used in normal usage to describe vessels that are specifically designed to carry bulk solid cargoes. This includes grain or similar agricultural products and minerals such as coal, ore, and stone on one or more voyage legs. Peruse this dry bulk vessels info for more.

[Image: Bulk-Carrier-.jpg]

What Exactly Is Bulk Carrier?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

The capacity of carrying varies from 3,000 to 300,000 tonnes
Averaging speed between 12 and 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers that are small to medium-sized bulk (carrying a maximum of 4000 tonnes) are typically equipped with equipment for handling cargo. Larger vessels employ dock-based facilities, which permit for loading or unloading.
The cargo holdings are usually huge and without any obstacles. There are larger hatch sizes to allow cargoes to be loaded/unloaded easily.
-Ballast holds are a common element on bulk carriers. This is a possibility to use on ballast voyages in order to enhance stability. Additional holds can be permitted to allow partial ballasting, but only in port
They are available in single pull or stacking (piggyback), type hatch covers made of steel.
Four types and sizes of ballast tank:
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Peak and after peak water tanks.

What is a solid bulk cargo? Any substance, other than liquid or gas, consisting of a mixture of particles, granules , or any larger pieces of materials, generally homogenous in composition and loaded directly into the cargo space without any intermediary type of confinement. There are many cargoes being carried by bulk carriers. They include food and minerals that can react with each others as well as with water sources. It is crucial to clean the cargo space prior to load it. Surveyors are typically needed to confirm that the space is ready for loading. To ensure that contamination does not occur, it is vital that any residue left behind by previous cargoes be eliminated. The damage to bulk cargoes is mainly due to water. The storage areas must be dry to receive cargo. However, hatch covers must be watertight, or sealed as needed to stop water from entering. All fittings in the hold (ladders, pipe guards and bilge covers.) To ensure they're in good condition and correctly fitted to the hold (ladders pipes guards, laders and bilge covers.) should be inspected. Such pieces of equipment might cause serious damage to conveyor belt systems and, as a result, delays, for which the ship will be held accountable, should they accidentally discharge the cargo. Have a look at this dry bulk shipping blog for more.

[Image: Nord-Colorado-on-sea-trials-courtesy-of-...dfe775.jpg]

Bulk Carrier, Bulker It is built to transport dry cargo. Conventional bulk carriers are constructed with a single deck with a single skin, a double bottom, and side tanks for hoppers. Topside tanks inside cargo spaces are also included. Bulk carriers are able to transport heavy ore as well as lighter grain to their highest weight. It isn't easy to transport, load and discharge dry bulk cargo.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes could contain hazardous substances or may undergo modifications in transport. Improper loading could cause damage to the ship, e.g. A wrong loading can result in the ship breaking down if you load a forward hold at its maximum. This ?stress? can lead to dangerous situations on the sea during severe weather. The residues of earlier cargoes could also seriously effect latter cargoes. Some bulk cargoes, like cement power, may also be affected by water damage. cement power. It is challenging to confirm the weights and numbers of cargoes that are loaded and unloaded. All of these elements have significant impact on the security of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes tend to create a cone when they are loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle created by the cone is known as the 'angle of repose'. It is different from cargo to cargo. Iron ore cargoes, in contrast, form an angle that is steeply-angled. Cargoes that flow unimpeded will form smaller cones. Low angles of repose could cause cargo to shift when it is in transportation. Some cargoes will require bulldozers to help spread the load over the storage areas. A lot of dry-bulk carriers rely on shoreside facilities for discharge and loading of cargo. However bulk carriers could have self-unloading options with conveyors under the cargo holds or on deck.
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